WWW.BRDSTUDY.ONLINE

Post Top Ad

>

RBSE Class 10th English - Tense

RBSE Class 10th English - Tense 


1.Present Indefinite Tense 

Trick 1:- daily, always, never, usually, seldom, often, rarely, sometimes, every(day, month, weak, year.............) a preset indefinite tense.

Examples:
(1)He.......(come)to see me every month.
(2)You ............(go) to school daily
(3)My father always.......(take) tea in the morning. Ans:- (1) comes (2) go (3) takes

Trick 2:- शाश्वत सत्य (Eternal truth) वाले वाक्यो मे Present Indefinite Tense आता है।

Examples:
(1) The sun............ (rise) in the east.
(2) The earth .........(move) round the sun.
Ans.- 1. rises 2. moves

Trick 3:-  Complement at a is/am/are (be)

Examples:-

1. He............... a teacher.
2. ........... a Doctor.
Ans :- 1. is 2.am

Trick 4:- Modals (can,could, will, would, shall,should, may,might, must, need, dare, ought to, used to) के बाद हमेशा verb की 1st form ही आती है।

Examples:
(1) she can......(do) this work
(2)Yours sister could............(bring) some fruits for me.
Ans:- (1) do (2) bring

Trick 5 :- would rather, had better at Ea verb 1st form wich
1. You had better ...........(go) to your house.
2. I would rather............. (sell )this land. Ans:- (1) go (2) sell

2. Present Continuous  Tense

Trick स्थान में is/are/am आयेगं तथा verb की 1" form मे ing जोड देगें। Examples :-
(1) He ............(be water) to the plants.
(2) Ramesh.............(be cook) food.
Ans (1) is watering (2) is cooking

Trick 2 :- still now,at this moment, at present, now a days, these days (with artinn verbs) look, ...... If an is/are/am+verb ist form +ing
Eaxmple-
(i) Look, the children ....................(play) in the garden.
Ans:- is playing

Trick 3 :- while, as AG is/are /am +verb a 1st form ting a a present tense

3.Present Perfect Tense 

Trick 1 :-already, just, yet, recently, so far, just now  present perfect tense का होता है अतः इसमे has/have+ 3" form आयेगी। It is first time, it is secind time.......................has/have+ 3rd form 3

Examples:
(1) Ram is not at home. He ......(go) to hospital just now
(2)They ......... (already finish) their work and now they will go to the cinema. (3) It is first time I ... ...........(come) late.
Ans:- (1)has gone (2) have already finished (3) have come

4. Present Perfect Continuous 

Trick 1:-
यदि समय से पहले since/for/all हो और वाक्य समाप्त हो गया हो तो रिक्त स्थान में has been अथवा have been + verb में ing आयेगा । 

Exmaple :-
|(i) My brother.....(cook) for two hours. 
(ii) Rani.......(teach) to him since 9 o'clock.
Ans:- (i) has been cooking (ii) has been teaching

Trick2:-यदि दो वाक्य दिये गये हो और किसी भी एक वाक्य में समय से पहले since / for/all हो तथा दूसरा वाक्य present tense में हो तो रिक्त स्थान में has been / have been + verb ing

Examples :
(1) Raju....(write) a story since morning, but he has not finished it yet.
(2) You......(waste) my time since 9 o'clock, you may go now.
Ans:-(1) has been writing (2) have been wasting

Trick 3:-यदि वाक्य के बीच में since हो तो किन्तु since के बाद समय नहीं दिया हो तो since के पहले has been / have been + verb में ing तथा since के बाद की || form आयेगी ।

Examples :-
(i) Mother....... (sleep) since you went to office.
(ii)Rani..........(sing) songs since she took food.
Ans:- (i) has been sleeping
(ii) has been singing

5. Past Indefinite Tense

Trick 1 :- yesterday, ago, last (week, month, Year. .........) in past time)  if & past tense

Examples:-
(1) she.........(go) to Jaipur yesterday.
(2) We..........(visit) the zoo last month.
Answer:-(1) went (2) visited

Trick 2 :-यदि वाक्य past tense मे शुरू हो तो प्रायः पूरा वाक्य past tenseमे चलेगा।
Examples:-
1. Radha.............(cook) and went to market.
2. When I was reading, .........(hear) a loud noise. Answer:-(1) cooked (2) heard

Trick 3 :-ue la if/ as if/ as though/ would that/ I wish/it is time/it is high time ये शब्द हो तो verb की || form आयेगी ।
Examples:-
1. He speaks as if he ...................(be) very learned person.
2. He speaks as if he .............(know) everything. 3. It is time we ............... (start) our journey.
Answer:-(1) were (2) knew (3) started

6. Past Continuous Tense


Trick1:-यदि रिक्त स्थान के बाद कोष्ठक मे be दिया हो तथा वाक्य past tense मे हो तो रिक्त स्थान मे was/were आएगा तथा verb की I form मे ing जोड देंगे।

Examples:- 1. He.........(be read) a letter yesterday.
Answer:- was reading

Trick2:-यदि वाक्य में when हो तथा when के बाद verb की ||"form होतो दूसरा वाक्य के रिक्त स्थान मे Was/were+ verb की | fform मे ing जोड देंगे।

Examples:-
1. ......... (read) a book when sita come in.
2. My mother....... (wait) for me when I returned home.

Answer:-(1) was reading (2) was waiting Trick 3 :- As, while at Was/were+ verb ist form+ ing

Example- The teacher come late while the students...........for him.
Answer:- were waiting Note:- as ar is/are /am +verb 1st form

7. Past Perfect Tense


Trick 
1:-यदि वाक्य मे before के पहले had+ verb की II" form होतो before के बाद
Examples:-
1. My sister had cooked food before I ............(reach) the home.
2. The patient had died before the doctor.........(come).

Answer:-(1) reached (2) came

Trick 2 :-यदि वाक्य मे before के बाद || form होतो before के पहले had+verb की III" form आएगी।

Examples:-
1. My sister.........(cook) food before I reached the home.
2. The patient..... ....(die) before the doctor came.
Answer;-(1) had cooked (2) had died

Trick 3 :-यदि वाक्य मे after के पहले verb की IInd form होतो after के बाद had+ verb की

Examples:-
1. I washed my shirt after ..........(go) to Jaipur.
2. Rahul cooked food after seela........(write) a story.
Answer:-
 (1) had gone (2) had written

Trick4:-यदि वाक्य मे after के बाद had हो तो after के पहले verb की ||"form आएगी।

Examples:-
1. Sita........(go) to school after she had finished her work.
2. Rahul......... (cook) food after seela had writer a story.
Answer:- (1) went (2) cooked

8. Past Perfect Continuous 

Trick1:-यदि समय से पहले since/for हो और वाक्य समाप्त हो गया हो तो रिक्त स्थान मे had been+verb की | form+ ing आएगी । (यदि वाक्य past tense मे हो)
Examples:-
1. She........ (live) in this house since 1999.
2. Raju ..........(write) a story for two hours yesterday.
Answer;- (1) had living (2) had writing

Trick 2:- वाक्य मे verb की || form हो तो since/for के पहले had been+verb की |" form मे ing vilgai

Examples:- 1.Sita.........(teach) in this school for ten years when I read last year.
2. Sita ......(suffer) from fever for five days when she received the invitation.

Answer:-(1) had been suffering (2) had been teaching.

9. Future Indefinite Tense

Trick 1:-ufa au À tomorrow, next (day, weak, year, month, year,
Monday.........etc) दिए हो तो बाक्य future tense का है। * व we के साथ shall + verb की |" form का प्रयोग करेंगे। *व we को छोड़कर अन्य कर्ताओं के साथ will + verb की |" form का प्रयोग करेंगे।

Examples:-
1. ........(go) to school tomorrow.
2. She ............(come) here on next Monday.

Answer:- (1) shall go (2) will come

10.Future Continuous Tense

पहचानः-इस Tense मे भविष्य में कार्य चलते रहने की कल्पना की जाती है। *I व we के साथ shall be + verb की |" form+ ing का प्रयोग करेंगे। *|व we को छोड़कर अन्य कर्ताओं के साथ will be + verb की [" form+ ing का प्रयोग करेंगे।

Examples: 1. He..........(write) a story next day.
Answer:- will writing.

11.Future Perfect Tense 

Trick 1:-यदि समय से पहले by हो तो रिक्त स्थान में will have/shall have+ verb की ||| form+ ing आएगी।

Examples:-
1. He........ (leave) for school by 10 a.m.
2. She..........(return) from jaipur by 2014.

Answer:-(1) will have left (2) will have returned

12. Future Perfect Continuous tense

पहचान:

1.वाक्य में Future Tense  सूचक शब्द के पहले By/on का प्रयोग किया जाता है
2.समय से पहले Since/For आता है।
3. since/for  वाक्य मे when के बाद verb की I form हो।

Trick 1 :-Will/Shall have been+ Iform + ing at yet
Example:-
1. Anita.........(play) football for two hours by six o'clock.
2. Ramesh............(live) in this house for five year by 2020. Answer:- (1) will have been playing (2) will have been living

EXERCISE

Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs given in the brackets :
1. He always........................his will. (change)
2. The minister ............in Ajmer at
3 p.m. on Sunday. (arrive) 3. The earth. ............... round the sun. (move)
4. The doctor....... ... the patient every day. (visit)
5. Listen! Someone............... to open the gate. (try)
6. We....................... a cricket match at this moment. (watch)
7. She......................... exercises on tenses now. (do)
8. Ravi .................... money to buy a new car. (save)
9. Someone ................. him to report for duty. (inform)
10. I already ................the bell twice. (ring)
11. Anu ...................from Ajmer yet. (not return)
12. She........computer for six months and she hasn't learnt much yet (learn)
13. The pipe........ for ages. We must get it repaired. (leak)
14. .......... with him for ten years and he has never greeted me. (work)
15. Last year the government............ new legislation to check pollution. (introduce)
16. When ............ here first time, it was quite a lonely area. (come) 17. Yesterday I rang you twice but......... no response. (get)
18. India............ freedom in 1947. (get)
19. When I saw her first time, she ............ in a cafe. (sit)
20. He ............... a shock while he was mending a fuse. (get)
21. When I went to see him, he ....... a cricket match on TV. (watch) 22. My father.................. the plants when suddenly the rain started. (water)
23. I went to bed after ................ my work. (finish)
24. The patient had died before the doctor ............... (arrive)
25. When we entered the cinema hall, the film already.......... (start) 26. My sister saw a snake while she..........in the garden. (walk)
27. The emperor........all the treaties and attacked his enemy. (break) 28. I met Rahim yesterday but I.............him so far today. (not see) 


tense chart pdf





Full Notes                                                                                             


No comments:

Post a comment

close