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Active & Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense

Active & Passive Voice of Past Indefinite Tense


Rules :



  1. Past Indefinite Tense को passive voice में change करने के लिए was/were + V3 का इस्तेमाल करते है।
  2. Past Indefinite active voice के negative और interrogative sentence में did का इस्तेमाल होता है परंतु इसको passive voice बनाने के लिए helping verb was/were का इस्तेमाल करते है।
  3. Passive voice negative sentence में not को helping verb के बाद लगाते है। Interrogative sentence में helping verb was/were वाक्य के शुरुवात में लगता है।
  4. Passive voice में helping verb (was/were) का इस्तेमाल वाक्य के subject के अनुसार होता है। Active voice में singular number subject I/He/She/It/Name के साथ helping verb was का इस्तेमाल करते है तथा plural number subject We/You/They/Plural noun के साथ helping verb were का इस्तेमाल करते है।


Active sentences in the simple past tense have the following structure: Subject + past tense form of the verb + object Passive sentences in the simple past tense have the following structure: Object of the active sentence + was/were + past participle form of the verb + by + subject of the active sentence 

Changing an assertive sentence into the passive


Active: He wrote a letter.
Passive: A letter was written by him.

Active: They knew it.
Passive: It was known to them.

Active: She sang a song.
Passive: A song was sung by her.

Active: He loved his friends very much.
Passive: His friends were loved very much by him.

Changing a negative sentence into the passive


Active: She did not know anything about it.
Passive: Nothing about it was known to her.

Active: Nobody could discourage him from pursuing his path.
Passive: He could not be discouraged from pursuing his path by anybody.

Active: You did not listen to me.
Passive: I was not listened to by you.

Active: She did not write a story.
Passive: A story was not written by her.

Changing an interrogative sentence into the passive

Passive forms of these sentences begin with did. If the active sentence begins with a question word, the passive sentence will also begin with a question word. If the active sentence begins with who or whose, the passive sentence will begin with by whom or by whose. If the active sentence begins with whom, the passive sentence will begin with who.

Active: Did he break the window?
Passive: Was the window broken by him?

Active: Where could you find such fine art?
Passive: Where could such fine art be found?

Active: Why did you abuse your servant?
Passive: Why was your servant abused by you?

Active: Did anyone steal your purse?
Passive: Was your purse stolen by anyon

Active: Did anyone hurt your feelings?
Passive: Were your feelings hurt by anyone?

Active: Did Alice invite you?
Passive: Were you invited by Alice?

Active: Who killed the snake?
Passive: By whom was the snake killed?

Active: Why did he punish you?
Passive: Why were you punished by him?

Active: Whom did you laugh at?
Passive: Who was laughed at by you?

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